We need to keep our body temperature in the range of 35.5 to 37.5°C as this protects our vital organs and allows the body to function normally.
Exposure to extreme heat can cause illness and even death for some people. But there are several small steps you can take to protect yourself and your loved ones.
Here are some tips to stay healthy during extremely hot weather:
- Put on light coloured and loose clothing. Wear a hat. And, use sunscreen.
- Stay hydrated – drink plenty of fluids even if you don’t feel thirsty, taking small amounts often. Don’t drink alcohol and limit tea and coffee as these are mildly diuretic.
- Bring a bottle of water with you if you are moving around.
- Stay out of the sun particularly amid the most hottest part of the day, and do any basic open air occupations in the early hour of the day when it’s cooler.
- Utilize your air-conditioner or fans. Cooling one room is less demanding and less expensive than cooling the entire house. Cool your bedroom two or three hours before bedtime, and open windows for ventilation in the evening when it’s cooler;if you don’t have air-conditioning, arrange to go to a cool place and leave as early as possible to avoid travelling in the heat.
- Splash yourself with cool water. Have a cold shower.
- Put damp towels around neck and shoulders to cool yourself, put your feet in bowl or container of cool water. Cool water is superior to icy cold, which makes your veins contract and slows down the body’s capacity to emanate heat.
- Rest – don’t do unnecessary work, think siesta.
- Eat cold foods, especially salads and fruit. Watermelon and cucumber have an especially high water content. Raspberries and blueberries contain about 85 per cent water. Eggs also have a high water content.
- Use shades or intelligent material outside windows to keep your home warming up like a greenhouse. Rooms with dim substantial blinds will warm most so keep away from these.